One of the dilemmas we face today is sustainability in the food production system, both precision agriculture and the use of technology in livestock will be key to the objective of increasing the production of healthy foods with a minimum environmental impact.
The main advantage of the IoT application in livestock is the improvement in the control and management of animals and their production. But if their physical condition and the living conditions of the animals and the environmental variables of the farms are controlled, a product of better quality and greater traditional value can be offered.
IoT devices can help monitor the health of animals, monitoring their vital signs, the kilometers they travel, or even the ideal moment for their mating. Thus, a sensor that does not register any movement for a long time can indicate that the animal is sick or has suffered an accident.
Transport is also a task that represents a great risk for the welfare of the animals, having to pay special attention to variables such as temperature or weather conditions.
Another use of the IoT in livestock is the geolocation of livestock in real time using GPS sensors installed in collars or other devices. It is a very useful use within extensive livestock farming developed in large areas of land where animals move freely.
Also its usefulness in the monitoring of the cold chain, whose maintenance is essential throughout the supply channel.